Tile Adhesive: White Dispersion Adhesive For Ceramic And Tile Tiles, How Long Does A Waterproof Compound Dry, How To Dilute Correctly

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Tile Adhesive: White Dispersion Adhesive For Ceramic And Tile Tiles, How Long Does A Waterproof Compound Dry, How To Dilute Correctly
Tile Adhesive: White Dispersion Adhesive For Ceramic And Tile Tiles, How Long Does A Waterproof Compound Dry, How To Dilute Correctly

Video: Tile Adhesive: White Dispersion Adhesive For Ceramic And Tile Tiles, How Long Does A Waterproof Compound Dry, How To Dilute Correctly

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Now manufacturers present a variety of adhesives for tiles of different types, which significantly complicates the choice. Therefore, before buying, it is important to study the properties and advantages of all types of glue, and then you will not be mistaken in your choice.

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Appointment

The purpose of the tile adhesive is determined by the way it is used, as well as its location in the house.

For outdoor decoration

The glue is used for cladding street buildings and structures. It is also used for laying tile tracks in suburban areas. Since the place where it will be used is the street, the conditions for its operation will be more stringent.

The outdoor environment is characterized by temperature extremes, high humidity, and windiness. In addition, the tiles are exposed to direct UV rays. Therefore, a composition is required that is capable of providing maximum adhesion to the surface, and in addition, resistance to mechanical damage.

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The adhesives for outdoor use may also differ depending on where the tiles are to be laid:

  • Porch models must be water-repellent. This is due to the fact that it is there that a large amount of moisture from the feet always remains when entering the house.
  • For the basement floor, it is necessary to purchase glue with increased fixation, a waterproof composition is especially well suited. This is due to the high humidity in this room.
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  • For paving slabs, cement mortar is required. However, for additional fixation, a specially designed outdoor adhesive is often used. It will make the tracks more durable.
  • For balconies, loggias, gazebos and verandas, even if it is of a closed type and the balcony is glazed, it is necessary to use an exterior finish compound. It allows you to protect the coating from destruction. In addition, this model is frost and moisture resistant.
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For interior decoration

The glue differs from analogs for outdoor decoration. So, in all rooms and premises, except for the bathroom, you can use almost any tile adhesive. The bathroom is an exception, since there is always high humidity and there is a possibility of water penetration into the joints between the tiles. Therefore, a special tile adhesive is purchased for it, which protects the floors from moisture.

Some now prefer to use universal compounds in the bathroom. This is due to the fact that it is possible to process the joints between tile elements using a special waterproof grout. In such a case, the adhesive may not have the required characteristics.

In the bathroom, fungicidal glue is often used. Its main purpose is to protect the surface from mold and mildew, as well as to prevent their spread.

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Tiled models are divided by purpose and depending on the scope of its application: for walls and for floors.

For floor laying, tiles acquire a composition with high elasticity, which is provided by plasticizers. For walls, such a coating is completely unsuitable, since it will not be able to immediately reliably fix the tiles on a vertical surface. The coating will float on the wall and deform.

Wall adhesives have fast and high adhesion. That is, they are able to withstand high tensile loads.This means that the tiles, even very heavy ones, will reliably fix on the surface in a short period of time.

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Tile features

In order to fix a certain type of tile, a different type of glue is selected.

All of these models will vary depending on the components they include:

  • For wall decoration with small tiles, for example colored mosaics, as well as from light natural stone, it is necessary to purchase glue, which is based on white cement. It can be easily removed from the surface without streaking. The coating can be quickly tidied up after gluing.
  • To stick porcelain stoneware tiles, which differ in their weight, special adhesives are used that are intended only for this material. It has the lowest water absorption and adhesion rates of other finishes, including tiles, so it simply cannot absorb any other adhesive. You can recognize such a glue by the inscription on the packaging - "for porcelain stoneware".
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Choose an adhesive depending on other features of the tile. So, be sure to take into account its size.

For example, it is important to know the thickness of the tiles in order to calculate the mortar layer that will be applied to the surface. The area of ​​the elements is also taken into account in order to ensure their high fixation.

For some tile models, a universal adhesive may also work. This applies to models 10x10, 20x20, 30x30 cm. It is not able to hold large-sized tiles, so they acquire an already reinforced composition. Basically, such features affect the choice of glue only when decorating the walls with it, but when laying tiles on the floor, it is not at all necessary to take into account the size of the tiles. It is only important to take into account its thickness.

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Base types

All bases on which the tiles are glued are divided into two large groups:

  • Simple - these surfaces are practically not subject to deformation. Such bases include concrete, brick, cement screed. Laying tiles on them is quite simple.
  • Complex - the surface suggests some difficulties in laying and in the process of using the tiles. So, they can deform or be subject to vibration, poorly withstand high loads. Therefore, only the lightest tiles are selected for such a finish. Wood, drywall, metal, plastic, glass, chipboard, OSB, plywood are also considered complex bases. The hardest part is to glue the tiles to the marble wall.

When choosing a tile adhesive for a specific base, it is necessary to take into account the load to which the tile will be subjected, the air humidity in the room, as well as the temperature range within which the base is able not to lose its quality characteristics.

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The technology of fixing tiles with glue will also change from the characteristics of the base:

If the base is leveled and the differences do not exceed 3 mm, then a thin-layer installation is used. The glue is applied in order to ensure better adhesion of the tile to the subfloor, therefore it is applied in a thin layer:

  1. for tiles - from 2 mm;
  2. for porcelain stoneware - 4-5 mm.

If the substrate is uneven and has large differences, then the consumption of glue will be greater. For such surfaces, you can use a leveling compound. It is also of great importance whether this surface is horizontal or vertical. Depending on the location of the base, it is necessary to apply a sufficient amount of the substance in order to adhere well and to avoid the appearance of voids

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It is applied:

  1. for wall tiles - up to 10 mm;
  2. for floor tiles - 15 mm;
  3. for porcelain stoneware - 20-22 mm.

The application method is called high build.

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Types and composition of glue

Tile adhesive is divided into types depending on its composition.

Cement-based adhesive

This composition can be attributed to a dry solution. It is 90% cement, which is why it is called cement.10% of this composition is sand, as well as modifying additives. Thus, the composition has the property of versatility and has a low price.

Cement adhesive is easy to apply and spread on your own. For preparation, the composition is diluted in water in a ratio of three to one. With its help, tiles are usually applied to a concrete base. Thus, this adhesive increases adhesion and makes the fastening on concrete more reliable.

A cement-based composition is also used to level the surface. Of course, it will not smooth out large imperfections of the floor or walls, but it can hide small irregularities without problems.

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Dispersion tile adhesive

This composition has a pasty structure. That is why there is no need to prepare it before laying the tiles, which can significantly save time. In addition, there will be much less dust and dirt during the installation process. The composition is well applied to the surface. Due to its texture, consumption can be controlled to save on styling costs.

Moreover, this composition does not dry out immediately during use, so you can take your time during installation. On average, it allows styling in the area where it was applied for about 40 minutes. So you can carry out the laying in different ways and make an interesting surface cladding.

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The dispersion adhesive contains organic compounds of the binder type, as well as minerals and acrylic additives.

This composition is indispensable for laying ceramic tiles, especially for mosaic, clinker, glazed tiles, as well as natural stone.

Dispersion glue is excellent for gluing material to difficult substrates. Since it has a high-quality and reliable composition, it can be used to lay tiles even on old tiles. But this tile adhesive has one drawback: it cannot be applied to varnished MDF or fiberboard.

Do not use dispersion adhesive for exterior finishing work. It is only suitable for interior cladding of buildings.

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Polyurethane adhesive

There are two types: one and two component. It belongs to universal models and is suitable for any climatic conditions. Polyurethane adhesive is excellent for finishing difficult substrates with uneven relief. It is considered the most mobile in comparison with other types of adhesives, therefore it is used both on walls and on the floor.

Its versatility allows you to stick both large and small items. Has a high adhesion, thanks to which the tiles can be laid on smooth and porous surfaces: ceramic, glass, PVC, porcelain stoneware and even marble.

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Epoxy adhesive

It contains epoxy resins and catalysts - in liquid and paste form. Before starting work, they must be mixed. It has a rather thick consistency, but it can also be fluid.

Any epoxy glue is perfect for finishing surfaces in the bathroom, toilet, pool, sauna. This is due to its good water and moisture resistance.

The great advantage of the mixture is that it is resistant to cracking and tile slipping, that is, it is perfect for gluing the material onto a vertical surface. In addition, epoxies are frost resistant.

The glue is divided into types depending on its purpose and some characteristics.

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Epoxy adhesive for interior use

The group has the lowest price for models designed for fixing ceramic tiles. Includes a minimum amount of enhancing additives, which makes their functionality minimal. As a rule, such glue is used for wall decoration in household premises.

Among the indisputable advantages - it is well suited for installing tiles on a concrete or brick base. In general, it is able to hold coatings as well as other strong formulations.But its big drawback is that it does not hold finishing materials in rooms with high or low temperatures, as well as with high air humidity.

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High hold epoxy adhesive

This composition shows good adhesion and strength when used. It is able to withstand high tensile loads, which is why it is used for gluing large and heavy tiles.

In addition, the compositions of increased fixation are designed so that it is possible to fix the material on old, not removed coatings without problems. So, it can be applied to paint or old tiles.

Compositions of increased fixation are often used for wall decoration with natural stone.

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Universal adhesive

This is a standard composition that can be suitable for both interior and exterior tiling of a house. But universal glue differs in that it is designed for standard operating conditions. It does not tolerate high loads, as well as high humidity. In addition, the tiles that can be glued with this compound must also be universal and must have average parameters.

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Floor Tile Adhesive

It is distinguished by its great plasticity, due to which it fills all the voids when laying tiles. Thus, the material does not disperse and fits well on the floor. But it is not customary to use this composition on the walls, since it is not able to reliably fix the finishing material vertically.

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Water repellent adhesive

Such an adhesive composition is specially designed for finishing surfaces in the bathroom, shower, bath, near fountains, on the porch of the house. It has a special modifier in its composition, which ensures its hydrophobicity.

Water-repellent compounds have a high cost, so it is better to use them for their intended purpose - for laying tiles only in rooms with high humidity, despite the high degree of fixation.

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Specialized glue

It is customary to refer to this group as heat-resistant glue, which is designed to apply ceramic tiles on the surface of a fireplace, stove and other surfaces that are characterized by high temperatures. They also trim the kitchen apron in the stove area.

Also, frost-resistant glue is considered a special composition.that can be used when laying tiles even when the temperature drops below freezing. It is great for unheated and outdoor environments.

Special formulations also include glue for translucent coatings, as well as a special formulation for marble.

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Liquid Nails

It includes examples and synthetic substances. If neoprene is included in its composition, then it will be highly durable, but such compositions are considered toxic. That is why they must be used for outdoor tiles. In addition, in the open air, the unpleasant smell that it exudes will quickly disappear.

Liquid nails can be water based, which is why they are often used for interior decoration. But since it contains water, this glue cannot be used in wet rooms. The composition, as a rule, is used for the restoration of surfaces, for example, if one or more tile elements have fallen off. It is great for gluing mosaics.

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Special properties

Adhesive for decorative tiles must have special properties and quality characteristics. So, important properties of such a composition are:

Plastic

It should be moderate. Otherwise, the composition will spread strongly, and you will not be able to apply a layer of the required thickness for gluing this or that type of tile. Typically, this property characterizes rubber-based formulations.

The plasticity of the glue does not depend on its consistency. That is, even liquid glue can be applied in a thick layer.

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Spreadability

This characteristic is very important for the installation of floor tiles.The spreadable compounds fill all the gaps between the tiles and prevent them from peeling off the walls or floor. If the covering adheres most evenly and tightly, when heavy things fall on the floor tiles, this element or part of it will not split, the covering will remain intact.

Adhesion characteristics

This indicator should be high. It characterizes the ability of the adhesive to hold tiles, regardless of their size or weight. The adhesive, which has adhesive properties, allows the tile to adhere faster, adhere to the surface. You should pay particular attention to this characteristic if you plan to install large porcelain stoneware.

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Water return

It is important that the adhesive does not release water quickly. Otherwise, you will not be able to correct the styling if you suddenly positioned one of the coating elements incorrectly. This way you can correct the pattern or change the type of installation if you don't like the way the tiles look.

The release of water characterizes the speed of drying of the glue. It is desirable that the drying time is medium.

The slower the glue dries, the more durable the tile will be attached to the surface.

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Heat resistance

This characteristic is characteristic of the composition intended for application to warm floors. Thus, a good heat-resistant adhesive can withstand temperatures up to + 100 ° C. Such compositions additionally have a special coefficient of plasticity. The manufacturer usually indicates on the packaging for which type of underfloor heating this glue is intended.

Acid resistance

This property of the glue makes it possible to use it in rooms with aggressive conditions. So, if you plan to lay tiles in industrial premises or where you will often use powerful chemicals, then this composition will be an excellent solution.

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It is resistant to various irritants. Moreover, it can be laid even on a damp base. The glue dries quickly. These types of mixtures do not include harmful impurities. A feature of acid-resistant formulations is the absence of odor.

When choosing an adhesive, you should also pay attention to the alkali-resistant composition. Characteristics such as hydrophobicity, speed of solidification, and durability are important. A good glue should be waterproof, moisture resistant, plastic. The complexity of installation, as well as the duration of work and the specific purpose of the glue, directly depends on these quality characteristics.

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Consistency

Liquid

Liquid glue is classified as a ready-made mixture. Typically, these formulations are sold in buckets. Most of the ready-mixed mixtures have a polyurethane base and are distinguished by their higher cost.

Polyurethane glue has no limitations in terms of service life. Thus, it is great if you expect to lay tiles for a long time.

But dismantling the coating glued with this composition will be difficult. So, it will be possible to remove the tile only with partial removal of the base.

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Liquid mixes only require a perfectly leveled tile surfacetherefore they are not suitable for all cladding options. Large tile elements are rarely glued to liquid mixtures. The liquid composition is ideal for decorating walls or floors with mosaic elements.

This group also includes glue liquid nails. It has a liquid consistency and is only suitable for installation in dry rooms.

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Dry

This type of glue is presented in the form of a mixture, which is usually diluted with water. It provides good grip. In addition, it is usually sold in bags, so it can be easily taken to your home, there will be no problems during transportation.

Typically, dry formulations are based on cement. They allow you to level the surface and are therefore suitable for installation on almost any substrate.

But dry formulations are not as durable, their service life does not exceed 50 years.

Tiles glued to the dry diluted mixture can be quickly and easily dismantled by yourself. This will not damage the base or bend it. Typically, a punch is used to dismantle such surfaces.

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Quantity calculation

Calculating the glue consumption is a rather difficult task. When calculating, it is necessary to take into account not only the surface area on which you are going to lay the tiles, but also a number of other factors:

  • First of all, you need to consider what type of glue you will be using. Consumption will vary depending on whether the composition is liquid or thick. Cement adhesive has the highest consumption. As a rule, from 1 to 2 kg of this composition has to be used per square meter.
  • The exact consumption is determined depending on the thickness of the layer of the applied composition, as well as on the need to level the surface. If you need to level a wall or floor, then you will use up three times more glue. But if the surface is flat, then the consumption will be greatly reduced.
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  • The consumption is influenced by the characteristics of the tile and its quality of water absorption. So, glazed tiles absorb the most of the adhesive, so a lot of glue must be used for it. But porcelain stoneware, as well as cotto tiles and durable handmade models absorb little glue, so the consumption in this case will be reduced.
  • If the backing material is porous, it will absorb a lot of glue. Therefore, it is also necessary to build on its qualities when calculating.
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Even weather conditions will affect the consumption of the adhesive. The tiles are usually laid at temperatures between 18 and 23 ° C. If the air temperature is higher than this indicator, then the water from the adhesive will quickly evaporate during the drying process, so the consumption will need to be increased. As for negative temperatures, it is better not to lay the tiles at it, otherwise the glue will lose most of its quality characteristics and will be ineffective

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  • The glue consumption is strongly influenced by the technique of work. Usually, craftsmen who professionally deal with tile laying consume much less composition than beginners. The latter usually use too much glue solution.
  • During work, different tools can also be used, which also affect the consumption of glue. So, if you apply it with a V or U-trowel, then a more economical consumption will be provided. Square-notched spatulas consume a lot of glue. The larger the teeth, the greater the flow will be.
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To calculate the amount of glue you need, you should use one of several methods:

  • The first involves using the instructions that are indicated on the glue package. After calculating the surface area that you plan to tile, you can see on the packaging how much glue is required for this. Thus, this calculation is the simplest, but not the most accurate.
  • The second calculation method is designed to acquire the required amount of cement composition. In order to find out the consumption in this way, it is necessary to multiply the weight of the glue by 1 sq. m, indicated on the pack, for the thickness of the layer or the thickness of the tiles. Thus, the result will show the required amount of composition per 1 sq. m.
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The third method is suitable for calculating the glue for a specific type of tile. To do this, you need to know the thickness of the finishing material with millimeter precision. You should find out what is the average consumption of glue that you plan to purchase. The thickness of the tiles must be divided by two and then multiplied by the adhesive consumption indicated by the manufacturer. The result obtained means the consumption of the composition per 1 sq. m for your type of coverage

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How to dilute?

Usually only dry mixtures have to be diluted. To do this, it is necessary to mix the dry substance in the ratio indicated on the package with this composition.But initially it is required to make accurate calculations in order to mix only the required amount of glue. Otherwise, the leftovers will have to be thrown away, since after a certain time the mixture will harden and will be unusable.

The powder is mixed with water, sometimes some additional elements are added. For example, formulations that prevent the development of mold and mildew. The average amount is a mixture of 25 kg of dry matter with 6 liters of water.

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More accurate indicators and the ratio must be recognized based on the information indicated on the pack, since depending on the type of composition, the ratio may vary slightly.

You can also stir this mixture manually. To do this, it is necessary to thoroughly and vigorously knead the composition for 5 minutes so that the mass becomes homogeneous and creamy. To prepare tile glue, a perforator with a mixer attachment is often used. With its help, you can quickly prepare a high-quality and homogeneous mixture, which will be immediately ready for application.

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How long does it dry?

On average, tile compositions dry completely for about a day, but the exact time depends on the brand of glue and its type. The initial solidification of many models occurs after 15 hours. After that, you can use the grout and tidy up the coating.

The final hardening of the mixture occurs after a week, especially for the adhesive for laying tiles on the floor. On the walls, if their surface was prepared and leveled in advance, the composition dries up completely in no more than 2 days.

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Manufacturers

  • The rating of the best brands is opened by the adhesive composition for tiles Ivsil Mosaik… 25 kg of such a mixture costs around 500 rubles. The composition is white, therefore it is ideal for gluing light tiles. The adhesion level is about 1 MPa, which is considered a high indicator. Ivsil Mosaik is a professional tool, but you can use it for DIY tile application. This composition is excellent for gluing tiles in damp rooms. It is often used to decorate pools and showers. In addition, the manufacturer does not give any restrictions on the type of tiles that can be glued with such a composition.
  • For accelerated fixation, the composition is perfect Polimin "Moment"… It sets quickly and is therefore excellent for tile refurbishment and wall coverings. Models of the Moment series have a high-quality reinforced composition.
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  • Manufacturer Litokol presents high quality formulations, but their price is quite high. The price of a pack is on average 1500-1800 rubles per pack. It is a waterproof type of glue. Among the advantages of the adhesive, the Russian manufacturer also mentions that the diluted composition does not harden in a container for up to 8 hours. An overview of the compositions of this brand shows that they are intended mainly for tiles and porcelain stoneware.
  • Compositions Ilmax presented in the form of dry mixes and are among the best in this group. They are mainly intended for ceramic tiles. You can pick up both the composition for outdoor and indoor work. Almost all of them are resistant to temperature extremes and high humidity.
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  • Compositions of the brand Axton sold as cement mixes in 25 kg bags. They are ideal for laying porcelain stoneware, mosaics and stone as they are robust and durable. The composition quickly sets during the gluing process.
  • Brand name Mapei presents a quality white tile adhesive that is suitable for any tile, even glass and marble. The manufacturer also produces epoxy, polyurethane, cement compositions for various bases and types of finishes.
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Selection Tips

  • When choosing tile adhesive, try not to economize. Otherwise, you will run the risk of purchasing a poor-quality mixture, which will not be able to ensure the durability of the tile fixing and will spoil both the finishing material and the base.
  • When choosing models for the bathroom, give preference to compositions with high adhesion, also with an average cooling rate.
  • When buying, it is better to read the instructions on the pack. Many manufacturers indicate the compatibility of the adhesive with a specific coating. Some adhesives are completely unsuitable for polymeric and acrylic materials, and some are not suitable for wood. For such capricious materials, it is better to purchase synthetic compounds.
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  • On the packaging, the manufacturer often indicates the recommended tile sizes that the composition is capable of holding. That is why try to purchase it in accordance with the specific parameters of the product. In this regard, tile adhesive must be purchased only after purchasing the tile in order to take into account all the nuances.
  • Any adhesive should quickly adhere to the surface so as not to inconvenience you, and so that the installation process takes as little time as possible. A good indicator of its quality is the following: if the composition dries quickly, then it is not of very high quality, but if the drying time is longer, then it is considered reliable, the tile on it will subsequently hold more firmly.
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  • To choose the right adhesive, be sure to take into account the conditions for gluing and the conditions in which the operation of this coating will take place.
  • You should also pay attention to the purpose of the glue and its special characteristics. Do not save on the consumption of the composition. It is better to apply more of this substance and grease the entire tile with high quality so that it stays securely on the surface.
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You will learn how to glue tiles in the following video.

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